By Sydney Brown
WNPA News Service
Outrage over deaths of citizens in police custody sparked efforts by lawmakers to address racial equity, hiring and
training, and the use of force within law enforcement.
Now, nearing the halfway point in the 2021 legislative session, the steps toward major reform of police tactics have gained support from both sides, though not without controversy.
“I wouldn’t argue that we have complete agreement amongst all of them but we’re continuing to work to bring
people together and to move the bills,” House Speaker Laurie Jinkins, D-Tacoma, said at a news conference Feb. 22.
Lawmakers voted 28-21 to pass Senate Bill 5066 Feb. 23, a bill requiring officers to intervene if they see a colleague using
excessive force. While it had Democratic support, some Republican said it would deter recruitment into law enforcement. “This bill will help keep communities safe and will provide the tools and support to reinforce a healthy culture in
law enforcement,” Sen. Manka Dhingra, D-Redmond, sponsor of the bill, said in a statement.
House Bill 1054, a highly watched ban on several use of force tactics, is scheduled for a floor vote. The law would ban an officer from using chokeholds, most forms of tear gas and unleashing K-9 dogs on suspects. “We are at a reckoning with police in this country, so I can’t see myself negotiating on those tactics,” one of the bill’s sponsors, Rep. Debra Entenman, D-Kent, said in an interview.
HB 1310, which narrows an officer’s ability to use deadly or other physical force against a suspect, is waiting to be
scheduled for a floor vote.
The Senate Ways & Means Committee voted Feb. 22 in favor of a bill that would require law enforcement to report incidents of use-of-force and other demographic information to an in-state university. This law, SB 5259, requires the school to create a detailed, interactive and public database with statistics on when an officer fires a weapon, uses less-lethal means of arresting a citizen and when an officer unleashes a canine on someone they intend to arrest. The university would also need to have both the officer and affected person’s age, gender, race and ethnicity on the database.
The Senate will vote on SB 5089, which raises the qualifying age of a law enforcement applicant to 23, and requires
them to hold or be on the way to holding a bachelor’s degree.
The Ways & Means Committee members passed SB 5353 Feb. 22, which targets Spokane, Pierce, King, Okanogan, Yakima, Cowlitz, Chelan-Douglas, Walla-Walla, Benton-Franklin, Grant and Snohomish as recipients for a community-law enforcement engagement grant program. The grant would fund these counties’ efforts in neighborhood organizing and youth programs to increase public trust with law enforcement.
Sweeping reform to the Criminal Justice Training Commission will also have a chance to make it through the Senate, with lawmakers putting SB 5051 forward to expand the powers of the CJTC. Currently, the commission establishes standards and provides training to police and local corrections officers. It has the power to certify, and when necessary, to de-certify, officers. The law would also mandate that the commission must include more members from underrepresented communities.
“The public has the right to know if their tax dollars are paying for officers who have a known history of excessive
use of force,” said Devon Connor-Green, who testified in support of the bill on behalf of the Washington Black
Lives Matter Alliance during its hearing Feb. 1.
A similar bill to adjust training and hiring rules in the CJTC, sponsored by Sen. Jesse Salomon, D-Shoreline, will
not move forward. Salomon told The Seattle Times he would try again next year, but said he was satisfied with the other training reform bills getting support.
SB 5135, crafted by Sen. Mona Das and intended to stop people from summoning a police officer for the purpose of
intimidating or discriminating against someone, made it into the Rules Committee Jan. 22, but has yet to make it to
the Senate floor for a vote.
Last week, House representatives passed three police accountability bills: HB 1088, 1089 and 1001. The first
requires agencies to tell attorneys if they found evidence in favor of the defendant in a case within 10 days of the discovery. HB 1089 requires the State Auditor to ensure deadly force investigations follow all rules and procedures during the entirety of the investigation, and HB 1001 would establish a grant program to encourage agencies to hire more officers from historically underrepresented communities. The Senate Law & Justice Committee will hear public comment on these bills at 8:30 a.m. Feb. 25.
Investigating law enforcement
The establishment of an independent office of investigations within the governor’s office,HB 1267, passed in the House Committee on Appropriations Feb. 19.
Another bill poised to make it out of the House is HB 1202, which would automatically grant a cause of action for someone who was injured by forceful police tactics, meaning they would be able to seek civil action against the officer and any present officer who did not intervene. The court would have to pay for the court and attorney costs for the person, and the Attorney General could investigate officers if they suspect the incident represents a pattern of misconduct.
Other reform bills already passed out of the Senate include SB 5055, passed Feb. 10 in a 41-8 vote. If it moves on, it
will establish an 18-member rotating panel of arbitrators who would hear and decide on officer disciplinary appeals,
and ban officers from collective bargaining on these appeals.
Another law limiting collective bargaining over certain law enforcement records has yet to move to the floor for a
vote, but SB 5436 garnered bipartisan support.
Though many police accountability bills have come from Democratic lawmakers, Republican-led HB 1262 got bipartisan support for its expansion of background checks for law enforcement applicants. The bill would add an “eye-based truth verification test,” a way of analyzing changes in pupil size and eye movement to consider credibility in the person.